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技术文章

齿轮箱出现故障的分析方法

时间:2021-01-15 浏览次数:28

   齿轮箱系统是旋转机械系统,其故障诊断的研究内容主要包括故障机理研究、故障信号的采集、故障特征信号的提取、故障模式的识别。

  JINGDIANPUFENXIFANGFA,YOUKEFENWEISHIYUFENXIFAHEPINYUFENXIFA。

  SHIYUFENXIFATONGCHANGZHIYONGSHIYUBOXINGJISUANCHUCANSHUZHIBIAO,TASHIJIANDANDEFENXIFANGFA,TONGCHANGSHIYONGYUMINGXIANDEZHOUQIXINHAO、SHUNTAICHONGJIXINHAO、JIANXIEZHENDONGXINHAO。GAIFASHIYONGXINGJIAOQIANG,DANDUIFUZAJIEGOUHEGUZHANGOUHEXINHAOCHULINENGLIJIAOCHA,SHUYUGUZHANGCHULIDECHUJIJIEDUAN。

  PINYUFENXIFASHIJIYU1807NIANFULIYETICHUDEFULIYEBIANHUAN(Fourier transform,FT)DEZUIJIBENDEXINHAOCHULIFANGFA。FTDEQUEDIANSHIQUEFAXINHAOJUBUXINXI,ZHISHIHEXIANXINGPINGWENXINHAODEFENXI。ZHUYAOYOUBAOLUOFENXI(enveloping analysis)、QUANXIPUFENXI(holospectrumanalysis)、XIHUAPUFENXI(zoom spectrum analysis)、DAOPUFENXI(cepstrum analysis)、GAOJIEPUFENXI(higher orderspectrum analysis)DENG。

  DANGCHILUNXIANGCHUXIANGUZHANGSHI,QIZHENDONGXINHAOZHONGBAOHANDEGUZHANGXINXITONGCHANGYIDIAOZHIDEXINGSHICHUXIAN,TIQUGUZHANGXINXIJIUSHIJIANGGUZHANGXINHAOCONGGAOPINDIAOZHIXINHAOZHONGJIEDIAOCHULAI。BAOLUOJIEDIAOYOUJIAOJIEDIAOPUFENXI,CHANGYONGFANGFAYOUXIERBOTEBIANHUANJIEDIAO、XUNHUANPINGWENJIEDIAO、NENGLIANGSUANZIJIEDIAO、ZHIFENXIJIEDIAO、PINGFANGJIEDIAO、JIANBOLVBOJIEDIAODENG。

  1989NIAN,L.S.QuDENGTICHULEQUANXIPUFENXI。TASHIJIYUFT,JIANGQIUDEDEBUTONGTONGDAOXINHAODEZHENFU、PINLV、XIANGWEIXINXIJINXINGJICHENGDEFANGFA,GUANCHAGENGZHIGUAN。

  XIHUAPUFENXISHIZENGJIAPINPUZHONGMOUXIEBUFENPINLVFENBIANLVDEFENXIFANGFA。

  DAOPUSHIXINHAODEFTPUJINGDUISHUYUNSUANHOUZAIJINXINGFULIYEFANBIANHUANDEFENXIFANGFA,TADUIXINHAOCHUANDILUJINGDEYINGXIANGBUMINGAN。

  GAOJIEPUSHIFENXIFEIPINGWENXINHAODEYIZHONGFANGFA,SHICHULIFEIXIANXING、FEIGAOSIXINHAODEYIZHONGYOULIDEPINYUCHULIGONGJU,TANENGGOUDINGLIANGMIAOSHUXINHAOZHONGDEFEIXIANXINGXIANGWEIOUHETEZHENG,LILUNSHANGYOUJIANGZAOZUOYONG,SHIJINNIANLAIYANJIUREDIANZHIYI。

  PINYUJIEDIAOFENXIDEJUXIANXING:(1)DUOGUZHANGZHENDUANZHONGDEBIJIAOJIEJINDEGAOPINCHENGFENXIANGHUJIAOCHA;(2)JIEDIAOGUOCHENGZHONG,HUIJIANGBUBAOHANGUZHANGXINXIDELIANGGEPINLVZHICHAZUOWEIDIAOZHIPINLVJIEDIAOCHULAI;(3)JIANBOLVBOJIEDIAOYIZAOCHENGHUNPINXIAOYING。ZHEIXIEXIANXIANGDOUYIZAOCHENGWUZHEN。

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